What are the 5 P's of Leadership?

Can you imagine a world where kids were left to raise themselves without parents? There would be bubblegum from breakfast, lollipops for lunch, and donuts for dinner. Without the guidance and leadership of parents, there would be no stability in the lives of children. As a parallel, organizations without effective leadership would also suffer immensely. It is for this reason that organizations make it a priority to analyze various styles of leadership. Let's take a look at the 5 P’s of leadership analysis to determine what each of the various styles are and each of their characteristics.

Personal Attributes

Can you recall your first grade teacher? Were they lovable? Funny? Or perhaps maybe they were simply downright mean. These adjectives that we are using to describe are known as personal attributes. These attributes were designed to describe the personality traits of an individual. In the leadership analysis, attributes is listed as one of the key ingredients. Although every leader is different, it is important that a leader possesses, at a minimum, the knowledge, skills, and abilities to direct an organization in the way that it should go. Personal attributes are also a critical element of leadership analysis because it helps to determine the role that each individual leader will play.


One of the basic principle of the 5 P's of leadership analysis is the position of the leader. This refers to how the leader uses their position in regards to helping (or perhaps hurting) others. For example, some leaders in a position of power may choose to be the sole authority of all major decisions within an organization. However, others may choose to use their position as a leader to ensure that they communicate with their subordinates in order to mutually solve a problem or make a decision. Can you recall the best and worst leaders that you have encountered in the workplace in your lifetime? How were they able to use their position? The 5 P’s of leadership analysis is important to review the position of a leader because it helps to identify the appropriate style of position that each leader possesses.


In all facets of life, it's important to have a purpose. Purpose in what helps us to identify our reason for being. The 5 P’s leadership analysis helps us to answer the question “leadership for what?” The purpose helps leaders to determine things such as the vision and strategy for their position as it relates to their position. The purpose should also help to motivate others around the leader. Have you ever witness a little league football team gathered in a huddle around their coach? If the coach displays his message with passion and it has a purpose, then the team is more likely to give a better effort because they feel motivated. On the other hand, coaches that do not share that same passion and purpose may deliver the same lackluster energy and motivation to the team.


One of the most underrated aspects of being a leader is explaining to employees the practices and processes of how their jobs are to be performed. The practices and processes of the 5 P’s of leadership analysis aim at addressing this issue. In this step, it is the job of the leader to ensure that employees understand the processes of their duties as well as the organization. For example, assume that you are working on an assembly line for building toys. With the knowledge of knowing the processes of how various individuals are responsible for a particular portion of the toy, you are able to have a better understanding as to how the toy will be completely assembled. Practices and processes are also important for the health and safety for all employees as well as protecting against any legal issues, which could stem from workplace accidents.


Ultimately, leaders are in place to ensure that the end product has been met. The leaders are placed in a position of power to not only assist with the day to day duties but also to conceptualize to see the bigger picture for the future of their organizations. The end product will rest with whether or not the efforts of a leader have either successfully achieved a goal or failed to achieve a specific desired result.

The 5 p’s of Leadership are designed to serve as a scorecard of sorts. Each of the p’s represents a different part of this scorecard, which are all key components in what makes a leader successful. By adhering to these rules, leaders have a template on which they can judge their own success or failures.

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